Enviromental and hydrological wealth for the world
One of the main treasures of Colombia, altogether with its biodiversity, is its water reserves. That is why its conservation and usage has been a priority to the Government, and the international community has recognized the great value of Colombian environmental resources. Colombia currently holds, according to the FAO, real renewable water resources of almost 2.300.000 million cubic meters per year, which makes the nation one of the richest countries in the world in this matter.
The key role of the country in terms of environmental subjects is widely sustainable. Colombia counts on close to 30.000 square kilometers of Paramo ecosystems, main producers of water resources in the world. It is estimated that Colombia holds the biggest extension of Paramo lands in the world and, according to the European Union, those Colombian Paramos represent almost 50% of all Paramos worldwide.
Such a particular biodiversity also represents a great asset for the country. It is estimated that 60% of all Colombian Paramos species are endemic, including many Moss species that are able to store up to 40 times its weight in water; consequently, its conservation has been a priority. Nowadays, there are 30 areas of protected moorlands, including the National Park of Sumapaz, which is part of the biggest moor area in the world.
The importance of moorlands regarding the Hydrological resources remains extraordinary as well. Currently more than 25 million of Colombian citizens depend on the water produced at the natural parks system, which involves both moorlands and the country’s main rivers sources. From those river sources, the 5 river basins of the country –Amazon, Caribbean, Catatumbo, Orinoco and Pacific- are involved here, and they occupy almost the whole extension of the Colombian territory, thanks to its river slopes. A great example of the above mentioned is the amount of 10.000 million cubic meters of water that flow from the National Natural Park of Santa Marta’s Snowy Peak every year, which are the equivalent to almost 40 million Olympic swimming pools. Those resources provision the whole Caribbean Region of Colombia.
The hydrological resources of Colombia not only represent a key factor for the population’s water provision, but they are also an energetic engine of the country. At Chingaza’s Paramo, for example, it is produced 80% of the drinking water that Bogotá and the nearby region consume. That is the reason to take good care of those water resources, in order to reach a natural sustainable future.