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THERMAL FLOORS

You have arrived from this journey throughout some of the wealth of colombian termal floors. Nevertheless, this is just a little show of all what you will find in the naturally sustainable country.

Andean Condor

The silent sounds of the Colombian Andean high summits shatter when the majestic Andean Condor lonely overflies its territory. With spread wings –which cover more than 3 meters-, it glides over the Chingaza Park, in Cundinamarca and the Puracé Park, in Cauca, where it can still be found. Indeed, the name of “Cundinamarca” is translated as “the land of the Condor”. Despite being close to become an endangered specie, the Condor is vital because it provides balance to the ecosystems it inhabits. It is the national bird and it is currently protected.

Santa Marta's Snowy peak

At the Caribbean’s shore, located in the middle of a rainforest, the highest coastal summit of the world stands up: Santa Marta’s Snowy Peak. This isolated mountain range is garnished by the majesty of its twin peaks, Bolivar Peak and Columbus Peak, with more than 5.700 meters high.Moreover, it comprises one of the richest ecosystems of the world, and the singing of more than 600 bird species -36 of which are endemic-, transforming the experience into a natural paradise. This is home for more than 30.000 Kogui, Arhuaco, Kankuamo and Wiwa indigenous groups, and it is also the cradle of the fascinating Tayrona civilization.

SANTA MARTA

Cocuy Natural Park

Between Boyacá and Arauca a biodiversity and natural-balance sanctuary rises, beingmthe live proof of the Colombian natural wealth. Only a few hours ago from the country capital, Cocuy Natural Park stands up, with 306.000 hectares of propitious conditions so that invaluable Paramo’s ecosystems converge with one of the 6 snowy peaks of the country.

Cocuy’s Snowy Peak is the one with the greatest snow extension of the country, with 16 square kilometers. This mountain range guarantees the vital water resources sustainability, which feeds a 93% of the Orinoco’s eastern slope.

Photo: Oscar Hernando Cañón González.

SANTA MARTA

At the end of this journey you will find the highest peaks, which look after the whole country and maintain balance in the other thermal floors. Nowadays six of these frozen giants watch over Colombia.

Andean region

WATER RESERVES

A unique ecosystem surrounds one of the main Colombia’s resources : fresh water reserves. From glacier originated lagoons, like those in Siecha and Chingaza, to important dams, like the one in Chuza, which guarantees 80% of fresh water supply to Bogotá and 12 nearby municipalities, fresh water reserves are one of the most valuable resources in Colombia.

The country holds five natural river basins: Pacific, Caribbean, Magdalena, Orinoco and Amazon, the biggest basin of the world. Those basins connect the country and provide one of the greatest natural water resources of the planet. We must highlight here the Colombian Massif, recognized by the UNESCO as one of the Biosphere Reserves: it is comprised by more than 60 lagoons and 15 paramos, and it is the main fresh water producer of Colombia.

Cauca
Cundinamarca

Pajonal

“Pajonal, why do you cry so sad
When you have the sun hugging you
When you have the wind kissing you
You might be like me
You might be like me
Alone in this world”

El Pajonal – Ichu Iculla – Edith Ramos [audio]

Cundinamarca
Meta

RIVERS

Like a circulatory system that flows and gives life to the Colombian geography, that is how our rivers spread out. From the five natural river basins (Pacific, Caribbean, Magdalena, Orinoco and Amazon) the rivers flow and reach more than a million square kilometers of the national territory. Among those hydrological paths, Magdalena stands out, receiving close to 500 tributaries in both shores, as well as more than 5.000 streams and creeks, and it crosses the country from south to north, from the Colombian Massif to Bocas de Ceniza (Ashes Mouth).

Magdalena River has been an important historical corridor for national transport of goods and passengers. Besides, it holds an energetic advantage, since it feeds more than 20 of the biggest artificial dams in Colombia. Among those, the hydroelectric plant of Betania, in Huila, with a total area of more than 7.000 hectares.

Magdalena
Meta, Amazonas

FRAILEJON PLANTS

The green fields of the national Paramos look garnished by little yellow flowers, which cannot reach more than a meter high from the ground, and which are vital to preserve the Paramos ecosystem: they are the Frailejones. This native species from the high mountains of the country is endemic from this thermal floor, and Colombia enjoys the greatest variety of Frailejones in the world, since it comprises approximately 81 varieties of them. Besides, the survival of many insects and reptiles depends on its care and maintenance.

Cundinamarca Cauca

MOSS

At the Paramos’ summits, there is a rug which covers the fields and keeps them humid and alive. That is the Moss, which clings from the Frailejones’ leaves and trunks to the mountain rocks. Moss is part of the 882 bryophytes’ species that balance the highlands’ ecosystem and, moreover, Moss is a great natural water bank.

Cundinamarca, Cauca

Moorlands and
Natural Parks

Through the veins of the territory, water flows free from the heart of the national high summits. Those are the Moorlands of the country: the main supply of water resources and environmental balance. With almost three million hectares of Moorlands, the country owns almost half of all moors in the world; this fact turns Colombia into one of the greatest water resources’ countries, in terms of lagoons and groundwater.

Nevertheless, that is just one part out of the huge Colombian natural reserves. Consequently, in order to protect and honor the national flora and fauna diversity, there are 56 protected natural areas within the National Natural Parks System, being the equivalent to the 10% of the continental territory and close to 15% of the national sea territory.

Huila, Cauca Putumayo

Guambian Indigenous

Embellishing the mountainous landscape of Cauca, among Frailejones and Pajonales, it is possible to distinguish familiar groups growing potatoes, onions and beans. With their blue sheltered garments and always with a smile that comes from the heart, the Guambians, a protected indigenous people, say hello to the visitors of their guarded highlands.Currently, around 20.000 indigenous comprise the Guambian community, and more than 70% of them inhabit Silvia, within the Great Council of Guambia.

Valle del cauca

Bogotanean Tingua

At the shore of Chisaca’s lagoon, in the National Park of Sumapaz, little birds cheerfully flutter around and the peace and tranquility of the morning gets then broken in the Paramo. Bogotanean Tinguas, endemic birds from the Paramos of the center of the country, are unique in the world and for that reason they are classified as Paramos and marshes’ protected species.

Cundinamarca, Boyacá

Now you’ve arrived to moorlands. Located between 3,000 and 4,000 meters above sea level, these cold ecosystems shelter Colombia’s water reservoirs. They are also lands that host an astonishing biodiversity.

Andean region

TOURISM

Some of the main tourist destinations of the cold climate have an ancient cultural and religious tradition.

For example, the Lajas’ Sanctuary, “God’s miracle above the abyss”, was built to honor Nuestra Señora del Rosario de las Lajas. It lies on a precipice, 7 kilometers away from Ipiales, Nariño, and it looks like held by the grace of God. It is one of the main pilgrim centers in the south part of the country.

Other Colombian wonder that plays with the extreme conditions of Mother Nature is, no doubt about it, the Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá. This architectonic and religious monument was granted in 2007 as Colombia’s number one marvel. It is a chapel built within the tunnels of the Salt’s Thematic Park, which is the combined group of Zipaquirá’s salt mines. Although it is not a religious center per se, this cathedral also attracts a great number of religious pilgrims and tourists.

And, of course, for those seeking to explore one of the most important villages of Colombian colony culture, Villa de Leyva is a mandatory destination. Here, not only the stoned roads and colonial houses architecture survives, but the village also comprises an immense desert and a rich archaeological park, only a few kilometers away.

VILLA DE LEYVA
Lajas’ Sanctuary
Zipaquirá’s Salt Mines

Pineapple Guava

At the heart of Boyacá, the summit of the Colombian Andean region, a festival is conducted, full of colors and tradition: it is the Pineapple Guava Festival at Tibasosa. Musicians from all the country are invited to play the best of Colombian traditional music, and thousands of tourists enjoy the sweet candies, desserts, juices and recipes, all prepared with one of the most appealing exotic fruits of Colombia. Tibasosa’s population depends, economically, on the production of the Pineapple Guava and they open the front door of their town to offer a world-class performance.

Cundinamarca, Meta

The Screaming Hummingbird

Fluttering around the colorful flowers of Bogotá’s trees, there goes a little bird with quick flapping and delicate figure. It is the Screaming Hummingbird, which shiny greenish fur, with blue nuances, makes it look like a restless gemstone trying to stick on the cold climate’s foliage.

Cundinamarca, Meta

Main Characters

Cold land has offered the world the opportunity to discover its greatest exponents in a wide variety of fields, Colombian citizens who succeeded and brought the name of the country to the highest levels. In the fields of sports, art and science, cold thermal floor possesses great representatives.

In sports, bike climber Nairo Quintana conquered the European summits and he won the Giro d’Italia Championship. At full speed, Juan Pablo Montoya makes the heart rate of motor racing fans go faster with his important victories in CART, Formula 1 and NASCAR. Besides them, the golfer with the nerves of steel, born in Bogotá, and the one taking Colombia’s name to the highest places of a PGA Tour tournament: Camilo Villegas, the young man with the flashy clothes and the arachnid movements, who conquered the international golf courses.

In Science, it is important to mention doctor Rodolfo Llinás, the Colombian neurophysiologist who dedicated his life to unveil the mysteries of the human brain.

Cundinamarca, Meta

Jewelry

In 1622, the galleon “Nuestra Señora de Atocha” departed towards Spain with some of the most impressive treasures of the new world. Golden doubloons, silver coins and even smuggled emeralds were boarded in order to fill the king’s chests, but the inclemency of the weather planned other fate for the ship. Close to Florida’s keys, the ship sank, along with all its crew and its treasure.

The emeralds of the Atocha are, still today, being founded all around the world and their incomparable beauty shows why they are the “green flowers” of precious stones. And what it is even more stunning: the origin of this charming stones have been traced to the heart of Colombia, at the Muzo mines, in Boyacá. It was more than four centuries ago when the Conquerors discovered and brought to the Old World the Colombian emeralds, and still nowadays, they are valued and desired all around the globe.

Cundinamarca, Meta

Quinoa

The Andean tradition brought the best of all grains: Quinoa. A tiny fruit from the Latin American nature, grown since the times of ancient Muisca and Inca civilizations, today it revives, just as the Phoenix, with all its vitality and strength. Nowadays, we discover such a nutritive food that it could replace or season any meal, and it is so versatile that it could be cooked almost in any manner without losing its great attributes, especially as a protein supplement.

Quinoa then turns to be not only a live heritage of the gastronomic tradition of the country, but also an invaluable nutrition complement inside and outside Colombia.

Boyacá
Cundinamarca
Meta

Animation and Videogames

To create a world from algorithms and formulae and to model every point of the system, in order to transport final users to another reality is the major challenge for digital animation Masters. From their imagination mythical, fun, educational, tragic and even apocalyptic worlds have emerged, since they are capable of telling a story and creating a master piece at the same time. Any recognition would not be enough and the potential for the country has been appreciated by investors, who invested more than $12 million in this sector.

Boyacá
Cundinamarca

Goldenberry

Fragile in appearance, as a valuable object that needs to be protected, a little Goldenberry tree stands up in the middle of a field in the cold land. Mother Nature allows this tree to bear fruit, and, from its branches, little golden cocoons sprout, and it seems like they incubate Beauty itself on its interior. Inside of them, an orange pearl grows, with a strong and unforgettable taste, sweet and refreshing, and it represents one of the main fruit richness of Colombia.

Boyacá
Cundinamarca

Tic

It looks like a regular multiplex lounge. The assistants, some of them with dark glasses and walking sticks, get ready at their places. The performance begins: the magic of technology goes into action and, honoring one of its noblest uses, it serves the most needed: blind people, deaf people and people with other handicaps, through the initiative called “Cinema for everybody” in order for them to enjoy cinema at theaters, without any barrier or limitation.

This initiative is just one among many others in terms of technology that have been implemented lately to turn Colombia in to a modern and inclusive nation. Nowadays, more than 10.000 handicapped people already assisted to the “Cine para Todos” shows, and they can confirm that Colombia is strongly supporting the use of technology in order to improve their quality of life.

Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Meta

Ajiaco

The aroma penetrates the senses and awakes the appetite. In a table, perfectly served, an Ajiaco’s steamy plate stands, yellow and thick because of the tubers that provide its consistency, and surrounded by the unmistakable smell of chicken and the final touch of guascas. It is served with a portion of rice and a quarter of fresh avocado, which complete a customized accompaniment. And then the final touch, milk cream and capers…and bon appétit!

Bogotá
Cundinamarca
Boyacá

Doris Salcedo

In the arts, Doris Salcedo’s work and her reflections about violence and memory have made an impact in museums, galleries and spectators all around the world, from New York to London passing through Hiroshima.

Bogotá

Flowers

One day, the delicate Alstroemerias, the rare Pompones, the colorful cayenne peppers, the magical Orchids, and the unique and beautiful Roses gathered together and decided to garnish a privileged land. However, they could not do it by themselves, and so they brought more than 1.500 species along, with the promise made that only there their unmatched beauty would be appreciate. Nowadays, they continue there, decorating with their colors the wonderful lands of Colombia, their women’s hair and the most cheerful dreams of their people.

Cundinamarca, Bogotá

Dairy

When arriving to Paipa, Boyacá, another Colombian local tradition illustrates that it is feasible to maintain a balance between modernity and artisanal culture. Paipa’s Cheese, aged by artisanal techniques, has become a region’s pride, and even a country’s pride, since it is one of the products with denomination of origin, which always guarantee its quality.

Paipa’s cheese is the cornerstone of this village, which looks lost in the Colony times due to its architecture; however, Paipa has made the most of modern production and marketing techniques in order to maintain its tradition alive, and to seize the best of it.

Cundinamarca, Bogotá

Pottery

The colorful and diverse figures are the main characteristics of the Cold climate. Some examples could be the ceramic samples of Ráquira, in Boyacá. Terracotta colors prevail because of the use of clay and sand for the creation of the pieces. Ráquira’s pottery maintains a designation of origin certification, and that is the main guarantee of its quality and unique style.

Another example is the Iraca weaver of Nariño, which is hand-made from color-dyed fibers. Iraca Products, made in Nariño, are very unique, precisely because of its color and the way they are manufactured.

Boyacá
Nariño

Kogui Indigenous

At the summit of Santa Marta’s Snowy Peak, as the millenary path to the mythical Lost City is followed, a Kogui Mamo welcomes the visitors. His thrilling wisdom about the importance of Nature and the connection with natural elements could charm both strangers and Minor Brothers. A Mamo gets prepared during his childhood and adolescence guided by his Big Brothers, who are themselves, other community Mamos. Then, when he is ready, he must apply his nature knowledge in order to lead the community.

Mamos are a highly valuated immaterial treasure that still survives in Colombia. They are the impersonation of the connection that must exist between human beings and Nature, in a dual way of respect and protection.

Magdalena

Leather and footwear

From purses to belts, from coats to shoes, leather’s versatility to protect objects and to create pieces of great beauty cannot be denied. Its durability merges with the natural shine that only leather Masters know to seize, always well proportioned. Either with dyes, accessories, or just the treated leather, the artists of this industry earned respect and admiration from both global consumers and colleagues.

Cundinamarca
Bogotá
Meta

ATACAMA´s 33

Destination Colombia (Cinema)

Since the tragedy of the 33 miners caught during 69 days in a Chilean mine in Atacama, the eyes of the cinema producers turned in to this story, which had it all to be cinematographically successful. The idea of making Atacama’s 33, a movie starring Antonio Banderas was born, in order to relate the drama those miners suffered. However, in order to make that dream come true, a perfect location was needed, and Colombian nature hosted the ideal spot to develop it: the Nemocón mines, north of Bogotá.

Thanks to the promoting strategies for cinema production in Colombia, the movie was shot there and it was a round success for the movie’s esthetical goal. Furthermore, the warmth of the Colombian people made the actors and production team feel the renowned hospitality of the country.

Cundinamarca
Meta

Bogota

3.600 meter-high above the sea level, the administrative and economic hub of the country stands up. At Bogotá, the capital, cultures from the whole country converge, as well as international visitors, making the city one of the meeting points of Colombia. It is a versatile city which offers to its visitors a hectic beauty in constant transformation, full of culture, ecology, modernity and innovation, with religious and gastronomic plans appealing for every taste.

It is an economic hub which hosts more than half of the country’s companies. A city that owns the most important airport of Colombia, which transports the greatest quantity of cargo and the third greater quantity of passengers in Latin America. In short, a cosmopolitan city that, not surprisingly, ranks among the 10 best cities in Latin America to do business. And, still with this technical and urban development, Bogotá cares about the environment and thus, about its citizens. Consequently, the city owns ecological means of transportation and almost 400 kilometers of bicycle paths, which allowed it to win the world prize “Climate and City Leadership” in 2024, granted by the C40 Organization.

Cundinamarca, Bogotá

When you arrive to cold weather, you understand why Colombia is a modern country, interested on infrastructure development to keep up with today’s dynamic times. These lands are located between 2,000 and 3,000 meters above sea level, and here both Colombian and foreign investors will be convinced that is it worth believing in this country.

Andean region pacific region

Automobile industry

Colombia is a country which constantly renews itself. This sense of modernization includes many aspects and one of the most relevant one lately is the renovation of the transportation means in its big cities. Since the first decade of 2000, the main cities’ public means of transportation have started a renewal process of their public buses’ fleet.

The importance of the automobile’s assembly industry of this thermal floor is capital. With the use of leading-edge technology machinery and skilled labor force, the Colombian automobile sector is ready to satisfy the demand of brand new buses and to generate synergies with the transportation sector that will lead to growth to the country.

Antioquia
Risaralda

Textiles and dressmaking

An industry with more than 100 years of tradition possesses the best introduction cards to be world recognized. That is clear for the fashion and textile industry in Colombia, since it merged tradition and innovation plus research in order to become one of the main models of the world.

More than 10.000 international brands already trusted Colombian quality textile products. Among them, Victoria’s Secret, Levi & Strauss Co., Náutica, Polo Ralph Lauren and Timberland. Colombian garments are cause of pride and admiration

Antioquia

Manizales Fair

“Ay, my dear Manizales, ay my dreamed Manizales” a popular paso doble sings, in honor to the “open gates’ city” of Colombia. Any times those musical notes sound, they evoke the memory of the biggest fair in America, with its Bullfighting, its parades, music shows and the Coffee’s kingdom. Since more than half a century ago, this tradition, a direct Spanish tradition, kept its legacy alive and welcomed with open arms to any visitor eager to discover this piece of Manizalita’s tradition.

CALDAS

Wayuu Indigenous

A tongue that was lost within the new generations’ oblivion gets reborn nowadays thanks to the ancestors’ wisdom. Due to the great efforts of the elders, the traditional tongue of the Totoros still survives, when it was about to disappear because to the cultural syncretism. Today, it is taught again at the schools and the new generations try to learn it so the tradition can continue to exist.

TOTOROS

Paisa’s tray

Depending on the traditional recipe that is used, the tray may vary its ingredients. There are ten side dishes to combine in order to complete the perfect Paisa’s tray: white rice, minced meat, crackling pork, egg, plantain, Antioquia’s chorizo, Antioquia’s corn arepa, hogao, blood sausage and avocado. All of this creates a colorful dish which is not only rich in terms of proteins but also a great container of the whole gastronomic tradition of Antioquia.

However, an explanation must been made, although the ingredients to create your Paisa’s tray may vary, the only ingredients that never can be missed is a generous portion of Antioquenian beans.

Antioquia
Eje Cafetero

Handicraft

The colors and symmetrical shapes are an indelible seal of some of the most beautiful handcrafts of the country. Material may vary but the objective always remains: to leave a memory of what the traditional art, that survived generation after generation, can achieve in these modern times.

Carmen de Viboral’s pottery, for example, remains a great proof of the details achieved by this village in Pottery crafting, all of its work being hand-made only. In this village, designs are basically flower shaped, and any of the designs take the name from its artisanal creator; that is why it is not strange to find Carmelina, Isabela, Florbela or Valeria pottery. They are so unique that, just with a glance, an artisanal master would recognize a Carmen de Viboral’s pottery piece.

Antioquia
Caldas

Wax Palm

At the temperate lands of the country, there are some guards that, undaunted, colossus, watch the Colombian mountain landscapes. Their thin figures elevate more than 50 meters, so they can achieve a panoramic view of their lands. Among them, there are some of them which rise more than the others: Palms from the Cocora Valley, in Quindio. To visit them, there is nothing better than a horse ride through the mountains of the Coffee Region.

Caldas
Quindío
Risaralda

Cosmetics

In a territory as diverse as Colombia, it is not a surprise the existence of an industry which seizes the natural qualities of many products in order to find alternative uses to benefit the mankind. The cosmetic industry achieved that in the country. Currently, 130.000 Colombian citizens dedicate their work and efforts to research and study Bio-technology, in order to produce effective cosmetics that would protect both the skin and the environment.

Antioquia
Caldas

Aromatic herbs

Within the wide range of vegetation that covers the mantle of the Colombian territory, aromatic herbs preserve their privileged place in the popular veneration. Their therapeutic uses became the tool to materialize the popular wisdom, since they are considered to be miraculous because of its healing actions over the human body’s diseases. There are herbs for any kind of sickness: from respiratory conditions to gastric pains; from skin diseases to chronic aches, you will find in the country the appropriate herb for any occasion.

Antioquia
Eje Cafetero
Cundinamarca

Tourism

At the temperate climate, Nature and Culture merge, in order to offer their tourists some diverse unique and unforgettable experiences. Not only business trips to the commercial capital of Medellin are a good option for visitors, but also several historical centers became must-seen stops for any tourist visiting the country.
Among others, it is worth to highlight Sante Fe de Antioquia, a village where time stopped, which has maintained its colonial architecture from the XVIth century. The warmth of its people welcomes anyone eager to enjoy the history and tradition of this district at the heart of the Coffee Region.
However, if we want to speak about the Coffee Region, the Cocora Valley is a majestic paradise and a good example of why the Coffee Region was declared to be an UNESCO’s Humanity Material Heritage. Its natural landscapes, the inherent ecosystem of the coffee production area, are the paths of a quiet horse ride to get to one of the most impressive national relics: the highest Wax Palm of the world. And if you are not a horse ride fanatic, a “Yipao” trip –the traditional region’s vehicle- is as revitalizing for the spirit as the ride.
Nevertheless, if you want to time travel even more, you must visit one of the best conserved archaeological parks of the country. At San Agustin, you can be a first-hand witness of the wonders that the pre-Columbian settlers carved in the highlands of Cauca and Huila. That is where the zoomorphic and anthropologic figures that can be seen on the stones stand, being the patrimony of our indigenous tradition and history.

Santafe de Antoquia, San Agustín, Valle del Cocora

Andean’s Rock Rooster

When you see it from far away, you could think that it is a Heliconia flower swaying among the tree branches of the temperate climate. However, when it gets frenetic, expectant, looking for the female that wanders over the nearby branches, you can distinguish the typical light-colored eyes that contrast with the flaming red of the Andean’s Rock Rooster plumage. An eye-catching and vivid specie that is part of the fauna which decorates the rainforests of the temperate climate.

Antioquia
Eje Cafetero

FERNANDO BOTERO

In the Arts field, the country counts on another great ambassador: among his bulky and voluminous figures stands the great master, Fernando Botero, the artist of the great volumes. He has been internationally recognized and admired for creating a new artistic paradigm, which portrays Colombian cultural or daily ordinary topics, but always created with bulky figures. His art reached many countries and his recognition is a matter of national pride.

MEDELLíN

Flowers fair

The streets start to fill with men who seem to be minuscule when you compare them to the load they hold at their backs. As they pass through, the figures that were forged by the florist masters at the “Silletas” start to become distinguishable, as they garnish the Flowers Fair of Medellín. From the nearby villages, as well as from the Antioquia’s capital, hundreds of florist masters show their work, created from more than 80 flower species, and they prove that Medellin has far too many reasons to be called “the city of the eternal spring”.

Antioquia

MEDELLIN

Medellin earned its nickname, “the city of the eternal spring”, thanks to the color, variety and beauty of its flowers, only comparable to the splendor of its women. This city has become an innovation and development hub, a thriving point in the west side of the country.
But if there is an important factor in which the Antioquenian capital should stand out, that is its great concern to investigate new technologies in order to improve the natural and social sustainability of the city. This led the city to be internationally recognized as a city on the vanguard, which cares and concerns about its citizens and which protects its resources. It was even granted as the World’s Most Innovative City, according to the Wall Street Journal.
And that was for a reason. Thanks to its subway, the only one in the country, Medellin has decreased its carbon emissions in more than 175.000 tons. Besides, the existence of smart buildings which have implemented energy best-utilization systems achieved to reduce consumption, and that increased the environmental sustainability of the city.
Those technological systems, moreover, made Medellin a more inclusive city: through the Metro Cable, several neighborhoods got connected to the transportation system. When we add this to the cultural centers, libraries and leading-edge sport facilities, we see how the citizens of the city have changed their mentality and they have achieved that the world sees Medellin as a modern and thriving city that already is a referent for the rest of the planet.

Antioquia

GUADUA

Guadua’s fiber, well known as natural steel, is so resistant that it can maintain a construction up. Its impassive steadiness is already recognized in diverse latitudes and it became to replace asbestos fiber due to its resistance and natural sustainability. Furthermore, Guadua is a natural ecosystems regulator, since it takes CO2 and releases O2, which makes it a resistant natural lung.

Antioquia
Magdalena

Hass avocado

With green pulp and a big seed, Avocado is one of the most recommended fruits to be consumed. The richness that they take from the soil, they transform it into a natural source of Omega 3 and antioxidants, well needed among people with cholesterol and blood circulation conditions. As a result of this, Avocado is recommended for any meal. But that is not its only use. The esthetic and cosmetic industry has learnt to seize its qualities and they turned it into a central component of beauty treatments. From hair products to facial masks, Avocado adds effectiveness to these treatments.

Antioquia
Tolima
Caldas

BANANO

A whole tradition and history was generated around Colombian bananas. From the sad history to happy memories, banana’s industry is part of the Colombian custom and it grew up with its people. Bananas belong to the Colombian tradition and its people, and so it shall remain.

Nowadays, hundreds of families work very hard so that more than a million and a half of tons of the best country’s bananas reach consumers’ tables in all the latitudes. Consequently, when you taste a Colombian banana, please remember that, if you take the time to savor it, you may perceive hints of the memories from the people that produced it.

Antioquia
Magdalena
Valle del Cauca

Characters

Sports and Arts have worthy representatives of the temperate climate, who have proudly brought the name of Colombia to the highest summits of their fields. Thanks to those great exponents, the country’s flag has been well known and admired all around the world.
With her typical smile, which is the live proof of her people’s joy, Catherine Ibarguen has reached the Olympus of international athletics. World champion and Olympic medalist on triple jump, Catherine has become an inspiration for kids and grownups, and a worthy representative of national sports.
Also in sports, but this time riding a steel horse, Mariana Pajon, the golden girl of the Colombian cycling, made her compatriots’ hearts tremble in every world championship. She was the second Colombian women getting the golden medal at the Olympic Games, and she is the BMX Cycling world champion, at the early age of 23 years old.

Mariana Pajón
Catherine Ibargüen

Heliconia Flowers

With colorful tips, like birds’ beaks, those flowers bring ornamental joy to any place they are found. Colombia owns more than 80 species currently, and more than a half of them are endemic from the privileged Colombian territory. Heliconia flower is part of the hundreds of flower species that garnish the country.

Eje Cafetero
Santander
Cundinamarca

Coffee

The fine aroma of a unique coffee, which spreads out throughout the world with the unmistakable mark of the smooth but still robust Arabic grain, 100% Colombian, captivates the senses. Its color, its body and flavor are inimitable and once you try it, you will never want to stop enjoying it. That is why Coffee is one of the most important Colombian products, and one of the main presentation cards of the country towards the planet.
With a careful hand-made gathering, the grain gets processed with all the care that one of the world’s finest products deserves. It gets dried and classified by threshing, and then it gets packaging in order to preserve its main characteristics. Thus, any time you drink a cup of Colombian coffee, you are able to enjoy the result of years of coffee tradition, with the goal of indulge your senses.

Caldas
Risaralda
Quindío

The Coffee Cultural Landscape

This region has been an outstanding example of human adaptation to tought natural conditions. A successful coffee farming rose in a wild and isolated landscape. It gathers together 47 municipalities from Caldas, Quindio, Risaralda and Valle del Cauca, placed in the central and western foothills of the Andes mountain range. Here 563.000 families dedicate their lives, their energy and their entusiasm to the grown of a product that, once served in a cup, brings warm and vitality. Land tenure is based on a small farm production system which reflects an economic, social and environmentally sustainable coffee growing model.
The cultural Coffee Landscape reunites the cultural, social, and agricultural richness of a working and flourishing region. This is why, in June 25 of 2011, the World Heritage Committee of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization –Unesco– inscribed it in the World Heritage List.

Antioquia
Huila
Eje Cafetero

The journey continues, and now you get to the warm lands, placed between 1,000 and 2,000 meters above sea level. These territories are defined by their industrial and commercial innovation, which boosts development and environmental sustainability. Here, nature and men coexist in a synergy that pushes the country further into the future.

Andean region

Cocoa

The aroma is unmistakable. A superb feeling of wellbeing starts to invade the body and the notes of the tenderness of one of the best chocolates in the world whet the appetite. A medium chocolate bar waits for its consumption, finishing that way the cycle that started from the cocoa seed itself, in one of the Colombian plantation fields.

This seed, worldly classified within the exclusive 5% of the fine and aromatic cocoas, has a thin skin. The soils of the country provide it with the exact point of acidity, without affecting the tenderness of its flavor. That is why cocoa is used to prepare some of the most exclusive chocolates in the world.

Photo: Oscar Hernando Cañón González.

Santander
Norte de Santander
Arauca
Antioquia

Cartagena

This heroic city, bastion of the north of the country, holds within its mighty walls more than 500 years of history. More than 13 kilometers of stone walls, which defended the city from the British siege in the ancient times of the pirates, lock up today stones streets and superb colonial constructions, many transformed into luxury hotels.

Bolivar

Yellow Pitaya

Within the varieties of “Dragon Fruit”, the Yellow Pitaya holds a special charm. Its flavor is softer and sweeter than its species’ sisters and in consequence, tasting its nectar becomes a sublime experience for the palate. In addition, its characteristics turn it to a natural tonic for the digestive system, thus it is a demanded product as natural therapy.

Huila
Boyacá
Santander

Barranquilla’s Carnival

When Joselito Carnaval resurrects on Saturday’s Carnival and he calls out his creatures so that one of the greatest holidays of Colombia gets started, joy and revelry cannot be controlled. During those four days in February, the streets of Barranquilla are full of jubilation, among carnival troupes, colors, little bulls, monocucos, garabatos and marimondas.

This Mankind Heritage is a proof of our rich culture and folklore, which lives at the very heart of the Barranquilleans, and which easily spreads out through every person enjoying it. That is why the song sings: “the Carnival of the Arenosa, the one living it is the one enjoying it”.

Huila
Boyacá
Santander

Pineapple

It cannot be assured whether the Pineapple is the truly queen of fruits, but at least we can claim that it is one proud fruit. It is native from tropical areas, where it feeds from high temperatures and soil humidity, in order to acquire its sweet and refreshing taste. Colombia currently exports close to 2.900 tons per year of this golden fruit.

Huila
Boyacá
Santander

Cali

“Barranquilla, golden gate; Paris, the city of the light: New York, the capital of the world; and Cali’s sky, its subsidiary”, that is how a famous salsa song sings, dedicated to the capital of the Cauca Valley. The sports and industrial city of Colombia is located in the southwest of Colombia. Cali is an example of what infrastructure’s investment can achieve, with the help of its thriving and cheerful people, who feel and bring Colombia in their veins.

Sport is one of the main sources of pride for the world capital of Salsa. Cali is the only Colombian city that organized the Pan-American games; it was the headquarters of seven stops of the Cycling World Championships and one Skating World Championship. Moreover, it was the first Latin American city to be the host of the World Games, at its 9th edition.

In short and as the Salsa song that started this piece gets to its end: “Cali is Cali, gentlemen, the rest is just a hill”.

Valle del Cauca

Mangosteen

A purple shield, strong and resistant, protects the heart of one of the fruits with the greatest beneficial characteristics for the human organism: Mangosteen. Its fruit, white as cotton and sweet with acid notes, which make it refreshing and exquisite as well, is a natural revitalizing of the immune system. Consequently, Mangosteen is used today to create beverages and infusions and it comprises a great potential to its Colombian producers.

Tolima
Meta
Risaralda

Whale watching

After a long journey of more than 8.000 kilometers, which begins at the Chilean Patagonia, giants visitors of more than 40 tons arrive at Colombia. The warm waters of the Colombian Pacific Ocean are the most propitious environment for Humpback Whales to mate and give birth to its offspring.
For that reason, every year between July and September, visitors of the Chocoan coasts can be witnesses of the miracle of Life, and with a little bit of luck, They may share the first swim of the little whale calves.

Choco
Cauca
Antioquia

Passion flowers

The fruits of the passion, or Passiflowers, provide a special color to the fruit range that is so characteristic of the Colombian warm lands. Passion fruit, Gulupa, Maracuyá and Chulupa are just a few of the 170 varieties of these delicious, nutritive and refreshing fruits of Colombia.
One of them, the Gulupa, offers a special value for the country, since it is the second most exported fruit of the country, after Bananas. Thanks to its growing, thousands of families at the region of Tolima Grande are related to this productive chain.

Huila
Tolima
Cundinamarca

Cali’s Fair

The Fair of the Salsa, the Fair of everybody. This event brightly closes the year, since it happens during the last days of December. It is a tribute to culture, to beauty, but above all, a tribute to music, which conquers the streets of the Vallecaucanian capital and makes everybody dance.
Since the first notes of the trumpet sounds at the Salsodromo, and the kettledrum sets the pace, rhythm conquers the city. The companies from the Salsa schools are in charge of adorning the party, demonstrating why this city is the world capital of the musical style.

Valle del Cauca

Tahiti Lemon

Either as a seasoning, side dish or as the main protagonist of gastronomy, the Tahiti Lemon keeps an honor place at the Colombian table. It has diverse uses in all of the regions, which turns it into a versatile product with great potential. From an ice cream or a refreshing watermelon juice (a “patillazo”, in the northern coast) to a Panela tea with lemon in order to comfort and revitalize, this citric product accompanies Colombian citizens in many moments. However, it is not only used as a beverage; it is almost mandatory to season a dish of fried fish with some lemon drops.

Valle del Cauca

Indigenous groups (Pijaos, Wayuu)

In 2005, close to 270.000 Wayuu indigenous, all divided in clans, were living in Colombia. But, how did those communities manage to live in peace? That is where the Putchipuu get into action (we the non-natives, call them the Babblers). Those characters are in charge of arbitrating conflicts and reaching agreements of compensations, in order to keep the peace through dialogue.
This is the tradition and custom of one o the most representative native cultures of Colombia, which demonstrates that is possible to find peace through dialogue and fair compensation. This fact not only adjusts the social balance, but also maintains alive the ancestors’ traditions.

Guajira

Aquaculture sector

River and sea fruits hold its own section within the Colombian gastronomy. Current production reaches almost 200.000 tons of prawns and different fishes, as the Tilapia, Cachama and Trout.
At the table, these products are cooked into delicious meals, such as the Prawn or Tilapia ceviche. This delicious dish is prepared with chopped coriander, red onion, garlic, ginger, oil, salt, lemon and pepper; they all cold mixed with raw Tilapia and cooked prawns.

Sucre
Bolivar
Huila

Main characters

Warm Climate’s main characters have distinguished themselves in the fields of Arts and sports. They are cheerful and successful, and they carried the name of Colombia to the most recognized places within their disciplines, all around the world.
In Music, the notes of Carlos Vives and Shakira have made Colombians and foreigners’ hearts tremble all around the world. Those singers and songwriters from the Colombian Caribbean coast earned a great number of recognition and awards, and they transformed the Pop-Rock style, with the mix of Latin American and Caribbean rhythms. Their music gets people from every latitude to dance and sing.
In the Arts field, on the other hand, several exponents of letters and ballet stand up. Gabriel García Márquez, the only Colombian literature Nobel Prize winner, was able to portray, with his Magic Realism work, the complexity of the Latin American society, with captivating and daily stories. Likewise, Fernando Montaño took his steps towards the main ballet scenarios of the world, together with the London Royal Ballet Company; this Buenaventura born and raise artist is now admired and respected by his colleagues and also by the critics around the globe.
Sports do not lag behind: Warm climate is the cradle of two of the most important exponents of national and international football. Radamel Falcao García and James Rodríguez led the Colombian football team to achieve its greatest historical deeds during the last years. Their goals, tricks and plays deserved the applause and recognition of the world of football, and it turned them into respected members of the greatest European football clubs.
But there is a common denominator of the Warm region, and that is the beauty of its women. That is why it is worth to highlight Paulina Vega, Miss Universe 2015, who brought the World Crown to Colombia for the second time in the country’s history.

Gabriel García Márquez
James Rodríguez
Falcao
Shakira
Sofía Vergara
Carlos Vives
Fernando Montaño
Paulina Vega

Sugar cane

The sound of the breeze and the sugar canes swaying in the reed beds get the companion of the sweet aroma that indulges our senses. This is the landscape in the midst of one of the more than 3.000 sugar cane production fields which decorate the geography of the warm land. They produced more than 22 million tons of sugar cane in 2014, which turned Colombia in of the main global sugar producers. This is one of the most dynamic industries of the world.

Valle del Cauca
Cauca
Caldas

Tourism

In an extension as wide as the Warm thermal floor, there are countless fabulous places worth visiting. Furthermore, this thermal floor gathers all the conditions to satisfy any taste demand in terms of touristic material.
For example, for adventure lovers, the Chicamocha Canyon Park offers a great variety of activities. Tourists can enjoy the mountain cycling, camping, trekking, speleology, horse riding, canopy, hiking and paragliding, among many other activities. They can even visit caves more than 40 million years old, at this canyon which is one of the biggest canyons in the world.
For nature lovers, among many other destinations, there is a magic natural landscape that stands up from the others, and it survives at Meta. Caño Cristales is a natural area that hosts the five-colors-river, thanks to the seaweeds that are born at its riverbed. This place changes its color during the year, and it charms with its beauty to those privileged enough to visit it.

Santander
Meta

Gastronomy

Gastronomy at the warm area is as varied as extensive. Words cannot describe the wide range of flavors, aromas, textures and colors that compound the gastronomy of this thermal floor. Nevertheless, there are some dishes that stand up because of its flavor and tradition, in a journey from north to south.
At the northern coast of the country, fried fish is a must. It is accompanied by the native rice with coconut and a portion of fried plantains (called Patacones). A little bit south, at the eastern plains, any gastronomic stop must contain the typical veal dish, Llanera style. It is prepared in a wood fire and their side dishes are Yucca and Plantain.
When you reach the south west region, the table is set with a delicious Sancocho Valluno. It is a traditional soup cooked with Creole peasant hen and veal tail. Its traditional preparation gathers the families and keeps the food tradition of the Colombian Pacific alive.

Costa Caribe
Llanos Orientales
Valles del Cauca

Amazon Fruits

Exotic fruits are abundant at this bio-diverse Colombian paradise. Among them, the fruits that proliferate from the magnificent Amazon rainforest attract anyone’s attention because of its uniqueness and delicious flavors. Fruits like the Arazá, Copoazú or the Camu Camu are the live proof of the natural wealth of the Colombian rainforest, and moreover, they are the perfect raw materials for delicious and unique fruit juices.
Those looking for a distinct and tasteful experience must try the frozen Arazá’s juice, made with milk. It is a refreshing energetic supplement, and a great joy for your senses.

Amazonas
Vaupés
Guaviare

Macaw

Figures with bold and happy colors are seen while fluttering above the trees in the wooded areas of the Warm climate. From one place to another, those little birds fly, in a noisy dance in which they show their velvety feather. They are the Macaws, fidgety birds looking for a spot to perch and display their colorful feather with pride. Those wild birds are the materialization of the multicolored Colombia.

Amazonas

San andrés

Paradise can adopt many shapes. One of them, for example, could be that of an island in the middle of the Caribbean, with white beaches and crystal waters. That is San Andrés, a unique place to swim in a seven-colors-sea, protected by one of the most beautiful and extensive coral reef of the planet. San Andrés is waiting for visitors to make them feel what Colombian hospitality means.

San Andrés

Barranquilla’s seaport

Magdalena River meander through Colombia and it crosses the country from south to north. At its estuary, which is called Boca de Cenizas (Ashes Mouth), because of its waters’ color when merging with the Caribbean Sea, lays one of the most important seaports of the country: Barranquilla’s seaport.
In 2014 this port mobilized almost 4.5 million tons of cargo, which is the equivalent to 13 times the weight of the Empire State in New York City. Besides, it will be renovated to become a “mega-port”, in order to sail again the waters of the main Colombian artery: the Magdalena River.

Barranquilla

Santa Marta’s seaport

In the middle of the night, while many people sleep, a powerful mechanic arm elevates a container full of goods to place it in one of the many ships that transport Colombian products to the global consumer. This is a regular night at Santa Marta’s seaport, one of the main seaports of the country. This port owns 7 wharfs and it operates 24 hours per day. In 2014, it was awarded as the seaport with the best social responsibility, environmental care and sustainability practices by the OEA, and it moved more than 6 million tons of cargo during that same year, which is almost the equivalent to the weight of the Guiza’s great Pyramid.

Magdalena

Crafts

Crafts at the warm region are the symbol of creativity and wisdom.
For example, the Wayuu weaving, which is one of the most recognized weaving around the world, is the life proof of tradition and culture. The Wayuu myth relates that the spider Wale’Keru taught the weaving craft to women. They transmitted their ancestral knowledge to the next generation and so on, improving and mastering the techniques to weave Kanaas (geometrical shapes and forms), which represent its community’s cosmology.
Another great example of hand crafting within the warm region is the Cañaflecha textiles. From this particular fiber, and after arduous processes, from those stripes the Vueltiao Sombrero (hat) gets produced. This is one of the main cultural symbols of the northern side of the territory.
Depending on the time spent on the Sombrero’s production and the number of rounds of the Cañaflecha’s stripes, the quality of the product will vary as well.

Guajira

Guajira

The Trade Winds blow and wave the hairs and tunics of the Wayuu people while they walk around the Guajira’s coves. Those winds bring the peninsula’s salts and the sand from the white desert of the Colombian northern edge. Those same winds move the blades of the giant windmills that form the only Colombian Wind Park, Jepirachi Park which stands as an example of sustainable energy production in the world.

La Guajira

Cattle industry

Through the vast lands of the eastern plains and the middle Magdalena, huge cattle herds spread out. More than 24 million livestock traverse thousands of miles of our geography, creating not only one of the most important industries of the country, but also a rich culture crafted from the existence of our national cowboys.

Meta
Córdoba

Oil Palm

At the temperate lands of the country, there are some guards that, undaunted, colossus, watch the Colombian mountain landscapes. Their thin figures elevate more than 50 meters, so they can achieve a panoramic view of their lands. Among them, there are some of them which rise more than the others: Palms from the Cocora Valley, in Quindio. To visit them, there is nothing better than a horse ride through the mountains of the Coffee Region.

Casanare
Cesar
Magdalena

This journey begins in the hot weather, in the warm lands of warm people. These territories cover near 80% of the country, including its insular lands, and shelter all the beauty and diversity of Colombian grounds. Here, agricultural and touristic products for all tastes are waiting to enchant visitors with all their magic.

Amazon region Island region Caribean region Pacific region Orinoquia region

THERMAL FLOORS

Here's where the journey through Colombia's thermal floors begins; here you will get to know some of the reasons why we are wealthy and megadiverse thanks to the different weathers of our territory. You can scroll up and down, or use the temperature indicator on the right to navigate along the content.

You can travel through Colombia’s termal
floors in our desktop version.